Question: Who were the most famous European explorers of Africa quizlet?

Who was Africa’s most famous explorer?

David Livingstone. In the late 19th century, Europeans and Americans were fascinated by the continent of Africa. Few did more to increase Africa’s fame than Livingstone, one of the United Kingdom’s most famous explorers.

Who was Africa’s most famous explorer quizlet?

Terms in this set (3)

  • David Livingstone. Who was Africa’s most famous explorer?
  • Victoria Falls because the water falls 360 feet into the Zambezi River, making a thunderous noise and huge columns of mist that rise into the air like smoke. What was the “smoke that thunders”? …
  • Henry Stanley. Who went to find and assist Dr.

Who were the major explorers of Africa from Europe?

Great Explorers: Africa

  • Richard Francis Burton. One of Britain’s most iconic and individualistic explorers, Richard Francis Burton was a true polymath. …
  • John Hanning Speke. …
  • David Livingstone. …
  • Henry Morton Stanley. …
  • Heinrich Barth. …
  • Frederick Russell Burnham. …
  • Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza. …
  • Mungo Park.
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Who was the most important European explorer?

  • Francisco Coronado.
  • Francisco Pizarro.
  • Bartholomeu Dias.
  • Christopher Columbus.
  • Cortes.
  • Ferdinand Magellan.
  • Giovanni da Verrazzano.
  • Henry the Navigator.

Who first visited Africa?

Portuguese explorer Prince Henry, known as the Navigator, was the first European to methodically explore Africa and the oceanic route to the Indies.

Who first colonized Africa?

By 1900 much of Africa had been colonized by seven European powers—Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, and Italy. After the conquest of African decentralized and centralized states, the European powers set about establishing colonial state systems.

Which East African country fought for and gained independence from its European protector?

On December 12, 1963, Kenya declares its independence from Britain. The East African nation is freed from its colonial oppressors, but its struggle for democracy is far from over.

What is the oldest civilization in Africa?

Africa’s first great civilization emerged in ancient Egypt in c. 3400 BC. Carthage was founded by Phoenicians in the 9th century BC. Ancient civilization, based around the River Nile in Egypt, which emerged 5,000 years ago and reached its peak in the 16th century BC.

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What did explorers want in Africa?

During this time, many European countries expanded their empires by aggressively establishing colonies in Africa so that they could exploit and export Africa’s resources. Raw materials like rubber, timber, diamonds, and gold were found in Africa. Europeans also wanted to protect trade routes.

Who were the famous explorers?

Here are 15 of the most celebrated – and notorious – explorers during the Age of Exploration, before and after.

  • Marco Polo (1254-1324) …
  • Zheng He (c. …
  • Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) …
  • Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) …
  • Vasco da Gama (c. …
  • John Cabot (c. …
  • Pedro Álvares Cabral (c. …
  • Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512)
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Who are the most famous explorers in history?

10 Famous Explorers Whose Discoveries Changed the World

  • Marco Polo. Photo: Leemage/UIG via Getty Images.
  • Christopher Columbus. Photo: DeAgostini/Getty Images.
  • Amerigo Vespucci. Photo: Austrian National Library.
  • John Cabot. Photo by © CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images.
  • Hernan Cortes. Photo: Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images.
  • Francis Drake. …
  • Walter Raleigh. …
  • James Cook.


Who was the first explorer to go around the world?

Ferdinand Magellan (1480–1521) was a Portuguese explorer who is credited with masterminding the first expedition to circumnavigate the world.

Who is the first European explorer?

European Exploration and Settlement in the New World

Date Explorer Event
1492 Christopher Columbus First voyage
1494 (Treaty of Tordesillas) Division of New World between Spain and Portugal
1497 John Cabot To Newfoundland ; English claim to North America
1497-98 Vasco da Gama Rounds Africa to India
Across the Sahara