What are the climate zones of West Africa from north to south?
From north to south — from the Sahara to the humid southern coast — West Africa can be subdivided into five broad east-west belts that characterize the climate and the vegetation. These are the bioclimatic zones known as the Saharan, Sahelian, Sudanian, Guinean, and Guineo-Congolian Regions, shown in the map above.
What are the climate zones of West Africa?
West African domain divided into three climatic zones: Guinea (4°N–8°N), Savanna (8°N–11°N), and Sahel (11°N–16°N) (source: [49, 50]).
What are the 4 major climate zones of Africa?
The four climatic zones were distributed into Saharan, Sahelian, wet tropical and equatorial climate types.
What is the climate in the southern part of West Africa?
The lowland climates of West Africa are characterized by uniformly high sunshine and high temperatures throughout the year; mean annual temperatures are usually above 18°C. Areas within 10° of the equator have a mean annual temperature of about 26°C with a range of 1.7 – 2.8°C; the diurnal range is 5.6 – 8.3°C.
Which African country has the best weather?
While you won’t say that looking at the past week, South Africa is actually world-renowned for its sunshiney weather. Which is why our beloved #Mzansi, along with Greece, Costa Rica and Cyprus, has made the rankings as one of the Top 10 Countries with the Best Weather and Climate.
Why is North Africa a desert?
The answer lies in the climate of the Arctic and northern high latitudes. … However, around 5,500 years ago there was a sudden shift in climate in northern Africa leading to rapid acidification of the area. What was once a tropical, wet, and thriving environment suddenly turned into the desolate desert we see today.
What are the 4 vegetation zones in West Africa?
If this situation prevailed, the climatic climax vegetation of West Africa moving from southwest to northeast should be: (i) tropical rain forest; (ii) tropical deciduous forest, and (iii) tropical xerophytic woodland.
Where is the coldest place in Africa?
Lesotho is the coldest country in Africa. Lesotho’s June temperatures hover around 0 Celsius and regular heavy snowfall is common in the higher mountain ranges. Country is basically all mountain; it has the highest low point of any country in the world.
Does it ever get cold in Africa?
Temperature. South Africa has typical weather for the Southern Hemisphere, with the coldest days in June–August. … In winter temperatures can drop below freezing, also due to altitude. During winter it is warmest in the coastal regions, especially on the eastern Indian Ocean coast.
Which is the best climate zone in Africa for farming?
The climate of the African rainforest is drier and very suitable for successful agriculture. Tropical rainforests build ecological systems adapted to warm and humid climates.
What is the hottest place on earth?
Scientists still have to validate the reading of 130 degrees Fahrenheit on Sunday, the equivalent of 54 degrees Celsius. In the popular imagination, Death Valley in Southern California is the hottest place on earth.
What is the hottest country in the world?
Burkina Faso, a landlocked Sahelian country, is the hottest country in the world – with an average daily temperature of 83°F (29°C).
Who is the heart of Africa?
Heart of Africa is an strategy video game for the Commodore 64 similar in style to The Seven Cities of Gold. Created by Ozark Softscape and published by Electronic Arts in 1985, it casts the player as an adventurer searching for the Lost Tomb of Pharaoh Ahnk Ahnk in Africa during the late 19th century.
What is the largest vegetation zone in West Africa?
The largest vegetation zone in Africa is tropical grassland, known as savanna. There are two forms of savanna. One is natural grassland. The other is grassland created by humans cutting forests over the last three thousand years.
What part of Africa was first introduced to Islam?
North Africa was first introduced to Islam because it was closest to the Middle East. Islam then spread to West Africa through the Sahara Desert.