Three main physical features of North Africa are the Atlas Mountains, the Sahara Desert, and the Nile River. Most of North Africa’s population lives along the Mediterranean coast or along the Nile River. The ethnic majority in the Maghreb are Berber, with Arabs dominating in Egypt.
What is the landscape in northern Africa?
The landscape in this region is dominated by deserts and mountains. The physical feature that impacts life greatly in this part of the world is the Sahara Desert which engulfs 3.6 million square miles of North Africa. Mountains in this region include the Atlas, Taurus, and Zagros.
What is the terrain of Africa?
Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
What does North Africa consist of?
The UN subregion of North Africa consists of 7 countries at the northernmost part of the continent — Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara. North Africa is an economically prosperous area, generating one-third of Africa’s total GDP.
What is North Africa called?
As a result, Europeans have often called North Africa the Barbary States or simply Barbary. (A frequent usage refers to the non-Phoenician and non-Roman inhabitants of classical times, and their language, as Berber.
What are the 5 countries in North Africa?
In the United Nations classification of geographical regions, the following countries belong to Northern Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan (and eventually South Sudan), Tunisia, and Western Sahara.
Do people live in Northern Africa?
Population: The population in North Africa is 195 million people (2007). In Western Sahara, the population is sparsely populated. … Egypt is the most populace with 73.4 million people, and 95 percent of the population lives within 12 miles of the Nile River.
What is Africa famous for?
Africa is known for Mount Kilimanjaro, Victoria Falls, Nile river, and game reserves such as the Maasai Mara and Serengeti. Africa is also famous for its diverse ethnic groups, Egyptian Pyramids, the Sahara Desert, Mining, and for being the second driest, and the poorest continent in the world.
How Africa is divided?
The African continent is commonly divided into five subregions: North or Northern Africa, West Africa, Central or Middle Africa, East Africa, and Southern Africa.
What makes Africa great?
Africa is the world’s hottest continent with deserts and drylands covering 60% of land surface area (e.g. Kalahari, Sahara and Namib). Africa is the world’s second driest continent (after Australia). Africa has approximately 30% of the earth’s remaining mineral resources.
What are 2 reasons for North Africa’s dry climate?
The dry subtropical climate of the northern Sahara is caused by stable high-pressure cells centred over the Tropic of Cancer. The annual range of average daily temperatures is about 36 °F (20 °C). Winters are relatively cold in the northern regions and cool in the central Sahara.
What is the culture of North Africa?
The people of the Maghreb and the Sahara speak various dialects of Berber and Arabic and almost exclusively follow Islam. The Arabic and Berber groups of languages are distantly related, both being members of the Afro-Asiatic family.
What is the difference between South Africa and North Africa?
The major difference between the two regions is in their locality. Both are situated on the two opposite poles of the Africa. … South Africa is a country and smaller as compared to the state of the North Africa. The Northern side mainly is linked to the Sahara dessert.
Who ruled North Africa?
During the 18th and 19th century, North Africa was colonized by France, the United Kingdom, Spain and Italy.
What percentage of Africa is black?
Black Africans made up 79.0% of the total population in 2011 and 81% in 2016. The percentage of all African households that are made up of individuals is 19.9%.
What is the largest country in North Africa?
Sudan: With its large land mass, Sudan is the largest country by area in North Africa and the tenth largest in the world.