The lowland climates of West Africa are characterized by uniformly high sunshine and high temperatures throughout the year; mean annual temperatures are usually above 18°C. Areas within 10° of the equator have a mean annual temperature of about 26°C with a range of 1.7 – 2.8°C; the diurnal range is 5.6 – 8.3°C.
What are the three main types of climate in West Africa?
West African domain divided into three climatic zones: Guinea (4°N–8°N), Savanna (8°N–11°N), and Sahel (11°N–16°N) (source: [49, 50]).
What is the environment and climate of southern Africa?
South Africa is a relatively dry country, with an average annual rainfall of about 464 mm. While the Western Cape gets most of its rainfall in winter, the rest of the country is generally a summer-rainfall region.
What is the climate in West and Central Africa?
Temperatures in the lowlands of West Africa are high throughout the year, with annual means usually above 18°C. In the Sahel, maximum temperatures can reach above 40°C. Not only scarcity of rainfall, but also its variability and unpredictability become more significant with latitude.
What is climate and vegetation of West Africa?
The natural vegetation in West Africa ranges from short grass at the desert border to humid rain forests at the southern border of the region near the Atlantic coast. The area in between is occupied by several vegetation zones ranging from tropical forests, to woodland, sa- vanna, shrubs, and short grass.
Which African country has the best weather?
While you won’t say that looking at the past week, South Africa is actually world-renowned for its sunshiney weather. Which is why our beloved #Mzansi, along with Greece, Costa Rica and Cyprus, has made the rankings as one of the Top 10 Countries with the Best Weather and Climate.
Which is the best climate zone in Africa for farming?
The climate of the African rainforest is drier and very suitable for successful agriculture. Tropical rainforests build ecological systems adapted to warm and humid climates.
What is the hottest place on earth?
Scientists still have to validate the reading of 130 degrees Fahrenheit on Sunday, the equivalent of 54 degrees Celsius. In the popular imagination, Death Valley in Southern California is the hottest place on earth.
What is the hottest country in the world?
Burkina Faso, a landlocked Sahelian country, is the hottest country in the world – with an average daily temperature of 83°F (29°C).
Is South Africa cold or hot?
South Africa has a lovely, temperate climate with plenty of sunny, dry days. The main factors influencing conditions are altitude and the surrounding oceans. The east coast is on the Indian Ocean, which has a warm current. The west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with a cold current.
What are the 4 climates of Africa?
The climate of Africa is a range of climates such as the equatorial climate, the tropical wet and dry climate, the tropical monsoon climate, the semi-arid climate (semi-desert and steppe), the desert climate (hyper-arid and arid), and the subtropical highland climate.
What is the environment like in West Africa?
West Africa has a rich natural resource base that includes soil, forest, rangeland, and freshwater and marine resources. Increased pressure on these resources from the rapidly growing population is compounded by the region’s vulnerability to climate shocks such as recurrent drought and rising sea levels.
Why is North Africa a desert?
The answer lies in the climate of the Arctic and northern high latitudes. … However, around 5,500 years ago there was a sudden shift in climate in northern Africa leading to rapid acidification of the area. What was once a tropical, wet, and thriving environment suddenly turned into the desolate desert we see today.
Does it get cold in West Africa?
The region usually experiences rainfall in winter, and the weather is usually warm in temperate all year round. Winter temperatures average 27 degrees Celsius in winter, with minimum temperatures averaging 21 degrees Celsius. The region is very sunny, experiencing between 2700 hours to 3500 hours of sunlight all year.
Does it rain in West Africa?
The southern areas of West Africa have two rainy seasons, one lasting from the end of April to mid-July, and another, shorter one in September and October. In the north where there is less rainfall, there is only one rainy season, which lasts from July to September.
What is vegetation in West Africa?
The vegetation is mainly grassland with some shrubs and acacia trees.