From north to south — from the Sahara to the humid southern coast — West Africa can be subdivided into five broad east-west belts that characterize the climate and the vegetation. These are the bioclimatic zones known as the Saharan, Sahelian, Sudanian, Guinean, and Guineo-Congolian Regions, shown in the map above.
What are the 5 ecological zones in Africa?
AEZ classification, shown in Figure 1, divides Africa into five ecosystem types depending upon temperature and precipitation: semi-arid, dry savannah, moist savannah, sub-humid, and humid forest.
What is one of the ecological zones in Africa?
|Global Ecological Zone||Surface area|
|Tropical desert||8 737 674||75.5|
|Tropical mountain systems||1 473 226||32.6|
|Subtropical humid forest||85 099||1.8|
|Subtropical dry forest||334 816||21.0|
How many ecological zones are in Africa?
Chapter 12. Africa: ecological zones
|Subregion||Total area of ecological zone (million ha)|
What are the three ecological zones of West Africa?
West African domain divided into three climatic zones: Guinea (4°N–8°N), Savanna (8°N–11°N), and Sahel (11°N–16°N) (source: [49, 50]).
What is the ecosystem in Africa?
Africa has five main kinds of ecosystems: coastal environments, deserts and semideserts, mountain environments, savanna grasslands, and forests. Each ecosystem has its typical environment and climate, and the people who live there have adapted to its conditions and learned to use its resources.
How many vegetation zones are in Africa?
There are five major vegetation regions: forest, grassland, tundra, desert, and ice sheet. altitude, soil, and precipitation region in which a plant best survives. rural grasslands of southern Africa.
What are the 4 vegetation zones in Africa?
These are the bioclimatic zones known as the Saharan, Sahelian, Sudanian, Guinean, and Guineo-Congolian Regions, shown in the map above. The lines between these regions represent more of a transition along a continuous ecological gradient than sharp boundaries.
What are the types of vegetation in Africa?
Africa are the forest, woodlands and shrublands, grasslands, swamp and mangrove vegetation, and agricultural lands .
What are the agro-ecological zones in Cameroon?
Rainfall regimes and the distribution of annual farming cycles The annual structure of rainfall input in Cameroon can be divided into three categories. The first category is the distinct rainy and dry season that affects three agro-ecological zones: the Western Highlands, Guinea-Savanna and the Sudan-Sahel (Figure 1).
What are the agro-ecological zones in Nigeria?
The country has six distinct agro-ecological zones transiting in south-north direction from the Atlantic coast to the arid savanna of Sahel. These are the Mangrove Swamp, Rainforest, Derived savanna, Guinea savanna, Sudan savanna and Sahel savanna zones.
What are the agro-ecological zones of Ethiopia?
The traditional zones include Bereha, Kolla, Woina Dega, Dega,Wurch and Kur where many kinds of crops are grown in each of these ecological zones. On the other hand, 33 elaborated agro-ecological zones are recognized by many institutions at present where many kinds of crops are also grown in each zone.
What are the four climate zones of West Africa quizlet?
- humid tropical – Atlantic coast and Gulf of Guinea.
- tropical savanna – south of the Sahel.
- desert – Sahara desert; northenmost zone.
- steppe – south of Sahara, semiarid strip of land called Sahel.
What part of Africa was first introduced to Islam?
North Africa was first introduced to Islam because it was closest to the Middle East. Islam then spread to West Africa through the Sahara Desert.
Which part of Africa cultivate iron first?
The earliest iron in Nubia dates to around 680 BC, indeed. At least that is what one reads. The story is backed up by huge slag deposits found in the Kushite area.
What is the vegetation in West Africa?
The natural vegetation in West Africa ranges from short grass at the desert border to humid rain forests at the southern border of the region near the Atlantic coast. The area in between is occupied by several vegetation zones ranging from tropical forests, to woodland, sa- vanna, shrubs, and short grass.