Before trade brought new ideas, West Africans were polytheistic and spiritual. They believed in good and bad spirits. They used amulets to protect them against evil. After Islam came to West Africa most people in the cities and trading centers converted to the religion of Islam.
How did trade affect West African culture?
The size of the Atlantic slave trade dramatically transformed African societies. The slave trade brought about a negative impact on African societies and led to the long-term impoverishment of West Africa. This intensified effects that were already present amongst its rulers, kinships, kingdoms and in society.
What effect did trade have on culture?
Trade spreads ideas and culture because it involves people moving from place to place around the world as they trade. As they move, they (and the people they meet) come into contact with new ideas and cultural practices.
How did trade developed in West Africa?
A profitable trade had developed by which West Africans exported gold, cotton cloth, metal ornaments, and leather goods north across the trans-Saharan trade routes, in exchange for copper, horses, salt, textiles, and beads. Later, ivory, slaves, and kola nuts were also traded.
What are the three main cultural influences in West Africa?
West Africa forms the westernmost region of the African continent. People have occupied the area for thousands of years, and its population is ethnically diverse though culturally relatively similar. The beliefs of native cultures include Islam, Christianity and various traditional African religions.
Who captured slaves to trade in Africa?
It is thought that around 8.5 million enslaved Africans were taken to the Americas. British slave ships set off from Liverpool, Glasgow or Bristol, carrying trade goods and sailed to West Africa. Some of those enslaved were captured directly by the British traders.
What was a major effect of the gold salt trade in Africa?
The gold-salt trade in Africa made Ghana a powerful empire because they controlled the trade routes and taxed traders. Control of gold-salt trade routes helped Ghana, Mali, and Songhai to become large and powerful West African kingdoms.
Why are cultural exchanges important?
Cultural exchange shows the importance of similarities rather than differences. … Cultural exchange makes the world a more beautiful, connected place for everyone. If we recognize the intrinsic value that each member of our global community holds, we can better understand one another.
What is the advantage of trading?
Trade increases competition and lowers world prices, which provides benefits to consumers by raising the purchasing power of their own income, and leads a rise in consumer surplus. Trade also breaks down domestic monopolies, which face competition from more efficient foreign firms.
How does culture affect foreign trade?
Language and cultural differences are the major cost factors hindering the development of international trade. The larger the differences, the higher the trade costs will be. Previous studies have shown that multinational companies tend to trade with countries that have common languages and similar cultures.
Where did trade in West Africa start?
The colonization of the Cape Verde Islands, from the 1460s onward, provided bases for trade with the fringes of the Mali empire. The most momentous discovery in western Africa, however, came in 1471, when Portuguese captains first reached the coast of modern Ghana between the mouths of the Ankobra and Volta rivers.
Why did traders go to West Africa?
The history of the European seaborne slave trade with Africa goes back 50 years prior to Columbus’ initial voyage to the Americas. It began with the Portuguese, who went to West Africa in search of gold. … Africans were either captured in warring raids or kidnapped and taken to the port by African slave traders.
Why was the gold salt trade important to the development of West Africa?
The people who lived in the desert of North Africa could easily mine salt, but not gold. … They craved the precious metal that would add so much to their personal splendor and prestige. These mutual needs led to the establishment of long-distance trade routes that connected very different cultures.
What are griots Why were they important in West African culture?
The griot profession is hereditary and has long been a part of West African culture. The griots’ role has traditionally been to preserve the genealogies, historical narratives, and oral traditions of their people; praise songs are also part of the griot’s repertoire.
What influenced the culture of Africa?
Africa has influenced and been influenced by other continents. This can be portrayed in the willingness to adapt to the ever-changing modern world rather than staying rooted in their static culture.
How did the development of iron change lives in West Africa?
In Nigeria, iron was fundamental to the rise of several important kingdoms—Dahomey, Benin, and the Yoruba kingdoms, including primarily Ife and Oyo. … This traffic expanded the social contact that occurred between Nigeria’s major kingdoms and therefore fostered the rapid exchange of knowledge and spiritual beliefs.