The statistics showed that the use of cannabis, cocaine, and tik was twice as much in South Africa as worldwide. Alcohol abuse was a major problem in South Africa and an estimated two million people could be classified as problem drinkers. The socio-economic cost of alcohol abuse was an estimated R130 billion per year.
How widespread is alcohol abuse in South Africa?
Results: Indicators point to the widespread misuse of alcohol. Alcohol consistently dominates the demand for substance use disorders treatment services. In the second half of 2000, 51.1% (Cape Town) to 77.0% (Mpumalanga) of patients reported alcohol as their primary substance of abuse.
What is the most common substance abuse in South Africa?
Alcohol is the most common substance of abuse among adult population in SA. Although a relatively low proportion of South Africans report drinking alcohol (27,9%)³, those who do often drink at harmful or hazardous levels, particularly on weekend⁴.
Why is there a high rate of substance abuse in South Africa?
Certain people are more at risk for substance abuse and for developing addiction disorders than others. “There are many factors that may make people vulnerable, including genetics, family background, mental health issues, work stress, financial pressure, and relationship problems,” says Acker.
How bad is substance abuse in South Africa?
Their statistics indicate that nearly 15 percent of South Africa’s population have a drug problem, with substance abuse being a major contributor to poverty, reduced productivity, unemployment, dysfunctional family life, political instability, the escalation of chronic diseases such as acquired immunodeficiency …
Is alcohol abuse a problem in South Africa?
Many are alcoholics or suffer from the consequences of an alcohol-related or -induced problem or disease. In South Africa, more than half the road accidents, more than 60% of the road deaths, domestic violence incidences and homicides are directly or indirectly related to alcohol consumption and harmful alcohol use.
Who defined heavy drinking?
NIAAA defines heavy drinking as follows: For men, consuming more than 4 drinks on any day or more than 14 drinks per week. For women, consuming more than 3 drinks on any day or more than 7 drinks per week.
What are the social factors that contribute to substance abuse in South Africa?
Social Risk Factors. Social factors that contribute to increased risk for adolescent substance use include deviant peer relationships, popularity, bullying, and association with gangs.
What is the new drug in South Africa?
In late February it was reported that a new synthetic drug called Wiz was making the rounds in the city of Durban on South Africa’s east coast. The drug was available in small attractive packets and schoolchildren were the primary users at the time.
Are drugs legal or illegal in South Africa?
Drugs such as dagga, heroin, Ecstasy, Mandrax, tik and cocaine are illegal. Further, you could experience a very pleasant response to one drug, yet another drug could have a very frightening reaction B it could even kill you. Like any business, the illicit drug industry is profit-driven.
How does substance abuse affect society?
Substance abuse affects and costs the individual, the family, and the community in significant, measurable ways including loss of productivity and unemployability; impairment in physical and mental health; reduced quality of life; increased crime; increased violence; abuse and neglect of children; dependence on non- …
How does unemployment cause drug abuse?
The unemployed are more likely to consume excessive amounts of alcohol, and to use illicit and prescription drugs. They are more likely to smoke and develop dependence on alcohol and illicit drugs.
What is the substance abuse?
Substance abuse can simply be defined as a pattern of harmful use of any substance for mood-altering purposes. “Substances” can include alcohol and other drugs (illegal or not) as well as some substances that are not drugs at all.