Fighting in North Africa started with the Italian declaration of war on June 10, 1940. … This was followed by an Italian counter-offensive into Egypt and the capture of Sidi Barrani in September 1940 and then in December 1940 by a Commonwealth counteroffensive, Operation Compass.
Why was the North African campaign fought?
The battle for North Africa was a struggle for control of the Suez Canal and access to oil from the Middle East and raw materials from Asia. … Oil in particular had become a critical strategic commodity due to the increased mechanization of modern armies.
What battles were fought in the North African campaign?
It included campaigns fought in the Libyan and Egyptian deserts (Western Desert Campaign, also known as the Desert War) and in Morocco and Algeria (Operation Torch), as well as Tunisia (Tunisia Campaign).
Who fought in the North African campaign ww2?
Between 1940 and 1943 British and Commonwealth troops, together with contingents from occupied European countries and the United States, fought an ultimately successful campaign to clear North Africa of German and Italian forces. At the heart of the Allied effort was the 2nd New Zealand Division.
What happened during the North African campaign?
Allied forces landed on the coast of Algeria and Morocco on November 8, 1942. … Axis defenses were shattered, and the Allies managed to squeeze Axis forces until resistance in Africa ended with the surrender of more than 275,000 prisoners of war. On May 12, 1943, the last organized Axis army force in Africa surrendered.
Why did Germany want North Africa?
The war in Africa was to play a key role in the overall success of the Allies in World War Two. … By 1941, the Italian army had been all but beaten and Hitler had to send German troops to North Africa to clear out Allied troops. The German force was lead by Erwin Rommel – one of the finest generals of the war.
When did the North African campaign end?
June 10, 1940 – May 16, 1943
What was the nickname of the German commander in North Africa?
Rommel took command of German forces in North Africa in February 1941. He earned the nickname the “Desert Fox” after achieving stunning early victories there. After the Allied victory in North Africa, Rommel returned to Europe and took command of the defenses in Normandy.
What made fighting in North Africa difficult?
The main problem for the British was the lack of co-operation between their armour and infantry, which resulted in them fighting almost separate battles. The result was that the infantry did not receive the support it might have done and the armour frequently fell victim to co-ordinated enemy attacks.
What are the 5 major battles of World War 2?
Major Battles Of World War II (WW2)
- Operation Torch (November of 1942) …
- Siege of Leningrad (September of 1941 to January of 1942) …
- Battle of the Atlantic (September of 1939 to May of 1945) …
- Battle of Britain (July of 1940 to October of 1940) …
- Operation Barbarossa (June to December of 1941) …
- Battle of Stalingrad (August of 1942 to February of 1943)
Who started the North African campaign?
The campaign began in September 1940 with the Italian invasion of Egypt. The Italians halted to bring up supplies and Operation Compass, a British five-day raid in December 1940, led to the destruction of the Italian 10th Army.
What tanks were used in North Africa?
The main battle tanks used by the Germans in Africa were Panzer III and IV’s which proved effective during Blitzkrieg, but were not up to standards on the Eastern Front.