South African wine production really began with the landing of Dutch settlers in 1652, with the subsequent planting of its first vines three years later by its then Governor Jan Van Riebeck in Constantia at the continent’s tip, between the South Atlantic ocean and False Bay to the east.
When did wine production start in South Africa?
In 1659 the first South African wine made from French Muscadel grapes was successfully produced. As production was small, the wine produced in the Cape settlement was initially intended solely for export to the trading port of Batavia.
Who started the wine industry in South Africa?
The Van der Stel Era (1679–1712) The founding father of South African wines is Simon van der Stel (1639–1712), the tenth Commander and then first Governor of the Colony (Figure 2).
How old is the wine industry?
Previously, the earliest evidence of grape wine-making had been found in the Zagros Mountains of Iran and dated to 5,400-5,000 BC. In 2011, a wine press and fermentation jars from about 6,000 years ago were found in a cave in Armenia.
What devastated the wine industry in the early 1800s?
The Great French Wine Blight was a severe blight of the mid-19th century that destroyed many of the vineyards in France and laid waste the wine industry.
What is the best South African wine?
Top 10 South African red wines
- Malbec 2015. Mt Vernon. …
- Syrah 2018. Glen Carlou. …
- Skyfall Cabernet Sauvignon 2015. Bartinney. …
- Southern Point Shiraz-Merlot 2019. International Procurement and Logistics. …
- Royal Nymphomane 2015. La Vierge. …
- The Best Shiraz 2019. Morrisons. …
- Chocoholic Pinotage 2018. Darling Cellars. …
- Syrah 2018. La Motte.
Is South African wine any good?
South African wines offer impressively good value, and feature styles and tastes that are food friendly, blending elegance and power. … At one time, the sweet wine of Constantia was the most prized in the world. The most important South African wine regions are around the two cities of Stellenbosch and Paarl.
Which wines are made in South Africa?
The 13 Best South African Wines to Score Right Now
- 2017 AA Badenhorst “Ramnasgras” Cinsault Swartland ($32) …
- 2016 B Vintners “Black Bream” Pinot Noir Walker Bay ($33) …
- 2016 Beeslaar Pinotage Stellenbosch ($54) …
- 2015 Klein Constantia “Vin de Constance” Constantia ($100 for 500ml) …
- 2018 Mother Rock White Wine Swartland ($25)
Is South African wine new world?
New World wines are those wines produced outside the traditional winegrowing areas of Europe and the Middle East, in particular from Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, Mexico, New Zealand, South Africa and the United States (primarily California).
What makes South African wine special?
The wine industry at the southern tip of Africa reflects so much of what makes South Africa so special. Besides the wine, it is the history, the warm country hospitality and the perfect environment, that makes the Cape wine region the most unique wine region in the world.
What are the 4 types of wine?
The main classifications of wines are: Red wine, White wine, Rose wine, and Sparkling wines/champagne. There are many varieties (varietals) of wine within the main categories. They are made from different types of grapes and range from dry to sweet.
Which is the oldest wine in the world?
The Speyer wine bottle (or Römerwein) is a sealed vessel, presumed to contain liquid wine, and so named because it was unearthed from a Roman tomb found near Speyer, Germany. It is considered the world’s oldest known bottle of wine.
What is the oldest drinkable wine?
Speyer Wine Bottle (Römerwein)
The Speyer wine bottle is believed to be the oldest bottle of wine in the world and is dated to around 325 AD – 350 AD. The bottle was unearthed in 1867 and one of 16 found in a sarcophagus in the grave of a Roman nobleman and his wife – the bottle was the only one still intact.
Who saved the wine industry?
Hermann Saves French Wine. Did you know that Missouri, saved the French wine industry from ruin in the 1870’s? It was called the Great French Wine Blight. French vineyards were dying and people feared that the entire European wine industry would be wiped out.
Which South African wine route was one of the world’s first in 1971?
– Stellenbosch is South Africa’s leading wine region where the first Cape wine route was established in 1971, providing a catalyst for the country’s burgeoning wine tourism industry.
What is the main difference between sparkling wine and still wine?
The main difference between sparkling and still wines is that sparkling wines have dissolved in them carbon dioxide. The bubbles effect is achieved during a second fermentation. During this process, winemakers add to the still wine a mixture of yeast and sugars which produces carbon dioxide.