The climate of East Africa is rather atypical of equatorial regions. Because of a combination of the region’s generally high altitude and the rain shadow of the westerly monsoon winds created by the Rwenzori Mountains and Ethiopian Highlands, East Africa is surprisingly cool and dry for its latitude.
How does climate affect East Africa?
potentially devastating impacts of climate change in East Africa will be changes in the frequency, intensity, and predictability of precipitation. Changes in regional precipitation will ultimately affect water availability and may lead to decreased agricultural production and potentially widespread food shortages.
What is the environment and climate of Eastern Africa?
The climate of eastern Africa is generally tropical, though average temperatures tend to be reduced by the region’s high elevations. … The region’s vegetation ranges from woodlands and grasslands in the wetter regions to thornbushes in semiarid areas.
What factors influence the climate of Africa?
The most important natural factors are:
- distance from the sea.
- ocean currents.
- direction of prevailing winds.
- shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
- distance from the equator.
- the El Niño phenomenon.
How does elevation affect climate in East Africa?
Results show that the mean rainfall (temperature) significantly reduces (increases) over the region when topography elevation is reduced. Based on the model, when topography over the selected region (KTU) is reduced to 25%, the mean rainfall (temperature) over east Africa is reduced (increased) by about 19% (1.4°C).
Which is an example of a way the economy of East Africa is changing?
Identify a way the economy of East Africa is changing. Rising foreign investment from China, resulting in improved infrastructure and increased trade. … Explorers, colonists, and traders had easy access due to East Africa’s long Red Sea and Indian Ocean coastlines.
Which choice best describes East Africa’s climate?
Answer Expert Verified. The climate that best describes East Africa’s climate is (A) consistently equatorial.
Which is the largest tribe in East Africa?
The Kikuyu are the largest tribe in Kenya. Their mythology begins with the Supreme Creator, Ngai, leaving heaven for the snowy summit of Mount Kenya, where he made Gikuyu: father of the Kikuyu people.
Which is the most developed country in Eastern Africa?
Partnership agreements providing preferential access to the European markets) is suffering from discussions linked to their reconduction. Although Kenya is the most industrially developed country in East Africa, manufacturing still accounts for less than 20% of GDP.
Which country has the largest population in East Africa?
East African Countries 2021
What are the 7 factors that affect climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
What are the factors that influence the climate?
There are lots of factors that influence our climate
- Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. …
- Prevailing global wind patterns. …
- Topography. …
- Effects of Geography. …
- Surface of the Earth. …
- Climate change over time.
What factors influence the climate of a place?
The climate of a place is influenced by a host of interacting factors such as:
- Latitude. …
- Elevation. …
- Ocean Currents. …
- Topography. …
- Vegetation. …
- Prevailing winds.
Which is the best climate zone in Africa for farming?
The climate of the African rainforest is drier and very suitable for successful agriculture. Tropical rainforests build ecological systems adapted to warm and humid climates.
Which African country has the best weather?
While you won’t say that looking at the past week, South Africa is actually world-renowned for its sunshiney weather. Which is why our beloved #Mzansi, along with Greece, Costa Rica and Cyprus, has made the rankings as one of the Top 10 Countries with the Best Weather and Climate.
What is the coldest country in Africa?
The tiny Kingdom of Lesotho is an exceptionally mountainous country, with the highest low point of any nation on Earth. It’s also the coldest country on the continent, with a record low of -4.7°F/ -20.4°C measured in Letseng-le-Draai in 1967.