The Niger River in the western region of Africa is used for irrigation, power production, and transportation. … With a length of 2,600 miles (4,200 km), it is the third longest river in Africa, after the Nile and the Congo.
Why is the Niger River important?
The northern part of the river, known as the Niger bend, is an important area because it is the major river and source of water in that part of the Sahara. This made it the focal point of trade across the western Sahara and the centre of the Sahelian kingdoms of Mali and Gao.
Why is the Niger river dangerous?
The health hazards become most serious during the rains, which bring flooding and a sharp rise in water-born diseases. Cholera outbreaks are common. Every year hundreds of people die from this severe diarrhoeal disease which is spread through contaminated water.
What does the Niger River provide?
The Niger River and its Inner Delta are vital for agriculture, livestock, fisheries, transport, energy, tourism, and water filtration, as well as as a habitat for a range of fish and other aquatic animals, including a variety of protected species. But, there is a challenge.
How did the Niger River contribute to the rise of empires in West Africa?
The Mali Empire established itself as a regional powerhouse in medieval times through of its exports of gold, as well as salt, and its control over the Sahara trade routes from West Africa. … The Niger River basin nourished these powers, providing the resources necessary to build and sustain empires.
What is Niger most known for?
Niger sits on some of the world’s largest uranium deposits, but is one of the “Heavily Indebted Poor Countries” (HIPC). Its economy is based on subsistence agriculture, like crops and livestock, and the export of raw commodities.
What do you call people from Niger?
Though “Nigerien” is the formal name for a resident of Niger, other sources such as the BBC and Associated Press often refer to the country’s residents as “Nigerois” to create a clear difference between residents of Niger and Nigeria.
Why is Niger so poor?
Causes of poverty in Niger include limited arable land, widespread illiteracy and agricultural vulnerability to climate shock. An integral part of Niger’s culture is the hereditary system of distributing land. This system is not sustainable because the land becomes further divided with each generation.
Are there lions in Niger?
The species does well in the eastern extents of the Niger, although it faces extinction elsewhere. African lions, Panthera leo, survive well in the Niger River delta, despite being pressured across much of their original central and southern African range.
What animals live in the Niger River?
Many varieties of fish are found in the Niger and its tributaries; the chief food species are catfish, carp, and Nile perch. Other Niger fauna include hippopotamuses, at least three different types of crocodiles (including the much-feared Nile crocodile), and a variety of lizards. There is a rich collection of birds.
Where does the Niger River empty into?
Is Nigeria named after River Niger?
The nations of Nigeria and Niger are named after the river. The people who live along it have a variety of names for it, notably Jeliba in Manding, Isa Ber (“big river” in Songhay), Joliba (a Mandigo word meaning Great River), and Kworra or Quorra.
What part of Africa has access to the Niger River?
SS7G1a STUDY GUIDE
|Which part of Africa has access to the Niger River?||Sahel|
|Which BEST describes a major use of the Niger River? A little used because it is too shallow B. source of much hydroelectric power C. Used for transportation and agriculture||C. Used for transportation and agriculture|
What were the most powerful empires in Africa?
7 Influential African Empires
- The Kingdom of Kush. Meroë is an ancient city on the east bank of the Nile app. …
- The Land of Punt. Papyrus showing preparations for an Egyptian journey to Punt. ( …
- Carthage. Tunisia, Carthage. ( …
- The Kingdom of Aksum. Coins from Aksum. ( …
- The Mali Empire. …
- The Songhai Empire. …
- The Great Zimbabwe. …
- 7 Brutal Sieges.
What is the oldest empire in Africa?
The Aksumite Empire
Also known as the Kingdom of Aksum (or Axum), this ancient society is the oldest of the African kingdoms on this list and is spread across what is today Ethiopia and Eritrea in an area where evidence of farming dates back 10,000 years.
What caused the decline of West African empires?
With the gradual abolition of slavery in the European colonial empires during the 19th century, slave trade again became less lucrative and the West African empires entered a period of decline, and mostly collapsed by the end of the 19th century.