West Africans discovered they could heat certain kinds of rock to get a hard metal, iron, which they could heat to shape into useful tools and weapons. … useful iron farming tools, like the hoe, for digging. What were the most valuable goods traded across the Sahara? The most valuable goods traded were gold and salt.
How did the development of iron change the lives in West Africa?
The fabrication of iron tools and weapons allowed for the kind of extensive systematized agriculture, efficient hunting, and successful warfare necessary to sustain large urban centers. … Iron had significant ritual status in all these Nigerian states, in which the forge functioned as both a ritual shrine and sanctuary.
What were the effects of the discovery of iron technology in African societies?
The use of iron tools made cultivation of the land easier/faster as they were more efficient. Iron tools were used to clear forests thereby enabling people to migrate/settle in new areas. Iron weapons were used to fight other communities thereby increasing warfare/conflicts.
What was unusual about the West African Iron Age?
West Africa didn’t go through a copper or bronze age. … What was unusual about the west African iron age? it was a center of trade.
When was iron discovered in Africa?
Iron technology first appears in the African continent in the 1st millennium BCE, and the term Iron Age is generally used, certainly south of the Sahara, to describe iron-using communities in Africa until the modern historical era.
How did iron working spread in Africa?
Although some nineteenth-century European scholars favored an indigenous invention of iron working in sub-Saharan Africa, archaeologists writing between 1945 and 1965 mostly favored diffusion of iron smelting technology from Carthage across the Sahara to West Africa and/or from Meroe on the upper Nile to central Africa …
How did early Africans use iron?
Iron played a central role in many societies of early Africa. It held both spiritual and material power. Physically, Africans used iron to create tools for agriculture, utensils for everyday life, and weapons for protection and conquest (Shillington, 2012, p. 45).
Where is iron found in Africa?
In Southern Africa most iron ore reserves lie in South Africa itself. The chief deposits are at Postmasburg, in the Bushveld Complex, at Thabazimbi, and in the vast low-grade deposits of Pretoria. There are also substantial reserves in Zimbabwe.
What is iron working technology?
Iron-working technologies broadly include both the winning of iron from an ore (smelting) and the processing and shaping of smelted iron metal into a finished object (smithing). … Different techniques for mining were used across the continent, dependent on the nature of the ore deposit itself.
Where did the iron age start?
The Iron Age began around 1200 B.C. in the Mediterranean region and Near East with the collapse of several prominent Bronze Age civilizations, including the Mycenaean civilization in Greece and the Hittite Empire in Turkey.
When was the Iron Age in West Africa?
The African Iron Age, also known as the Early Iron Age Industrial Complex, is traditionally considered that period in Africa between the second century CE up to about 1000 CE when iron smelting was practiced.
Why was salt so important in West Africa?
Salt, which could be used to preserve food, also made bland food tasty. These qualities made salt very valuable. In fact, Africans sometimes cut up slabs of salt and used the pieces as money. As trade in gold and salt increased, Ghana’s rulers gained power.
Who used iron weapons first?
The Celtic Hallstatt culture – 8th century BC – figured among the early users of iron. During the Hallstatt period, the same swords were made both in bronze and in iron.
How did Iron change the world?
Iron made life a lot easier in those days, when just living to the age of 45 was a feat. … Iron farming tools, such as sickles and plough tips, made the process more efficient and allowed farmers to exploit tougher soils, try new crops and have more time for other activities.
Are we still in the Iron Age?
There are very few references to iron (σιδηρος) in Homer: this is the Bronze Age after all, or rather a tale of the Bronze Age. … Our current archaeological three-age system – Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age – ends in the same place, and suggests that we haven’t yet left the iron age.
Which African country has iron?
The African countries in which iron ore production for export and local use is most prevalent are South Africa, Algeria and Mauritania. Morocco and Zimbabwe also produce ore, but only for local use.