Frequent question: Why is the oral tradition the most valued source in the study of African history?

Oral tradition is therefore a reliable source because African non-literate societies have always from time immemorial used the oral mode, of which oral tradition is an integral part for the transmission of their history-customs, traditions, folklores etc from one generation to another.

Why is it important to study the oral tradition to learn about the history of Africa?

Oral Traditions make it possible for a society to pass knowledge across genera- tions without writing. They help people make sense of the world and are used to teach children and adults about important aspects of their culture. There is a rich tradition throughout Africa of oral storytelling.

Why are oral traditions valuable for a historian?

Oral history helps round out the story of the past.

Eyewitnesses to events contribute various viewpoints and perspectives that fill in the gaps in documented history, sometimes correcting or even contradicting the written record.

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How important is oral tradition in the reconstruction of African history?

Oral tradition is indeed the most important oral evidence in historical reconstruction. … Oral tradition accounts for the way things are and often the way they should be and have assisted people in educating the young ones. It has also helped in teaching important lessons about life in the past (story telling).

Why is oral tradition important?

The fact that we’re dealing in oral medium of story telling is very important to the development of the tradition itself because stories tend to be told in some units that can be passed along easily, easily remembered. Sometimes they may even be put in different order or you may only tell certain parts of the story.

What is the main disadvantage of oral tradition?

The following are disadvantages of oral traditions

Oral tradition may be biased. This is possible because of nature of transmission itself. oral transmission is full of exaggeration, creativity and sometimes the informant may talk of good things only.

What are the strength of oral history?

The strengths of oral history would be that they are primary and first hand sources, which adds credibility. For example, a WWII veteran would be a much better source of information about the war, then someone who has simply read about it.

What is the most important element of oral history?

Four key elements of oral history work are preparation, interviewing, preservation, and access. Oral historians should give careful consideration to each at the start of any oral history project, regardless of whether it is comprised of one or many interviews.

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What are the sources of oral tradition?

The second kind of oral source is the oral tradition. Oral traditions are cultural narratives such as origin stories, myths, and legends that are passed down from generation to generation orally as cultural knowledge.

What are the characteristics of oral tradition?

Notwithstanding their tremendous diversity, oral traditions share certain characteristics across time and space. Most notably, they are rule-governed. They use special languages and performance arenas while employing flexible patterns and structures that aid composition, retention, and reperformance.

What are the problems of oral tradition?

Oral traditions face the challenge of accurate transmission and verifiability of the accurate version, particularly when the culture lacks written language or has limited access to writing tools. Oral cultures have employed various strategies that achieve this without writing.

How do sources of history help in reconstructing the past?

Historical sources are the sum total of all evidence left behind by past human society which help in reconstructing history. For studying the details of past cultures, historians depend a lot upon historical sources to tease information out of them.

How reliable is oral tradition as a source of history?

Thus, oral tradition remains a reliable source of historical writing. … Thus in order to make oral tradition reliable as a valuable source of historical writing like other sources, the historians using this source must be meticulous, painstaking and cautious.

What is an example of oral tradition?

Oral tradition is information passed down through the generations by word of mouth that is not written down. Explore some oral tradition examples like legends, proverbs, folktales, and customs. …

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What are the types of oral tradition?

Oral traditions can be categorized into different types, including legends, myths, folktales, and memorates. A memorate is an account of a personal experience or encounter with the supernatural, such as a ghost story or other expression of the spirit to a human being.

What are the three forms of oral tradition?

The the Apostles oral preaching took three forms. Kerygma: Preaching to unbelievers. Those who had no first hand knowledge of Jesus. Didache: Teaching.

Across the Sahara