Timbuktu (Timbuctoo) is a city in Mali, West Africa which was an important trade centre of the Mali Empire which flourished between the 13th and 15th centuries CE.
Which West African city became an important trade center?
Timbuktu, French Tombouctou, city in the western African country of Mali, historically important as a trading post on the trans-Saharan caravan route and as a centre of Islamic culture (c. 1400–1600). It is located on the southern edge of the Sahara, about 8 miles (13 km) north of the Niger River.
Which city was a major center of trade in West Africa?
In Western Africa the major trade centers were cities such as Timbuktu, Gao, Agadez, Sijilmasas, and Djenne. Along the coast of North Africa sea port cities developed such as Marrakesh, Tunis, and Cairo. The port city of Adulis on the Red Sea was also an important trade center.
Which cities became cultural and economic centers of West Africa?
At its peak, the Songhai city of Timbuktu became a thriving cultural and commercial center where Arab, Italian, and Jewish merchants all gathered for trade. Economic trade existed throughout the empire due to the standing army stationed in the provinces. Central to the regional economy were independent gold fields.
Why did Timbuktu become the Centre for learning and culture?
The Arabic chronicles record Timbuktu as a centre of West African Sudan market and scribal culture. Because Timbuktu was at the crossroads of trade routes, the mosques and holy places of Timbuktu were imperative for the development and spread of Islam in Africa in late medieval and early modern times.
What 2 religions are important in West Africa?
The religions practiced by the majority of people living in Africa are Christianity and Islam. However, there were many traditional religions practiced prior to the arrival of these two religions. Today, around 10 percent of the African population still practice some form of traditional religion.
Why is Timbuktu a saying?
Rebels in Mali have taken the historic city of Timbuktu, a place that has become shorthand in English for anywhere far away. … Once spelt as Timbuctoo, the city in northern Mali has come to represent a place far away, at the end of the world. As the Oxford English Dictionary puts it, “the most distant place imaginable”.
What was a center of trade and learning in West Africa?
The capital city of Mali. Under the rule of Mansa Musa the city became the center of trade and learning in west Africa. Founded around 750 A.D., this civilization flourished because of their location along the trade routes of western Africa.
What was a major effect of the gold-salt trade in Africa?
The gold-salt trade in Africa made Ghana a powerful empire because they controlled the trade routes and taxed traders. Control of gold-salt trade routes helped Ghana, Mali, and Songhai to become large and powerful West African kingdoms.
Why was salt an important item of trade in Africa?
The people who lived in the desert of North Africa could easily mine salt, but not gold. … They craved the precious metal that would add so much to their personal splendor and prestige. These mutual needs led to the establishment of long-distance trade routes that connected very different cultures.
What economic activities can be found in West Africa?
The main economic activity in the region is subsistence agriculture. Minerals, diamonds, or oil are also extracted in varying amounts in West Africa. West Africa has a large number of independent states that share similar economic qualities of poverty with rapidly expanding populations.
How did Islam spread in West Africa?
Following the conquest of North Africa by Muslim Arabs in the 7th century CE, Islam spread throughout West Africa via merchants, traders, scholars, and missionaries, that is largely through peaceful means whereby African rulers either tolerated the religion or converted to it themselves.
How did kingdoms develop in West Africa?
How did the Kingdoms of West Africa develop and prosper? The were created by men who became wealthy because of the gold-salt trade. They were extremely cunning, extremely lucky, or both. Their wealth gave them power turning them and their descendants into powerful lords of land and people.
What are three interesting facts about Timbuktu?
Fun Facts About Timbuktu for Kids
- Timbuktu started as a summer encampment for nomadic tribes of the region.
- During World War II Timbuktu was used to house prisoners of war.
- Today Timbuktu is very, very poor.
- Both droughts and floods consistently threaten the city.
What is Timbuktu famous for?
Timbuktu is best known for its famous Djinguereber Mosque and prestigious Sankore University, both of which were established in the early 1300s under the reign of the Mali Empire, most famous ruler, Mansa Musa.
Why is Timbuktu poor today?
After a shift in trading routes, particularly after the visit by Mansa Musa around 1325, Timbuktu flourished from the trade in salt, gold, ivory, and slaves. It became part of the Mali Empire early in the 14th century. … Presently, Timbuktu is impoverished and suffers from desertification.