What are the Nine Spanish territories in Africa?
Spanish North Africa
- Spanish Morocco.
- Spanish Sahara.
- Cape Juby.
What territories does Spain own in Africa?
The tiny Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla sit on the northern shores of Morocco’s Mediterranean coast. Together they form the European Union’s only land borders with Africa.
How many Spanish colonies were in Africa?
This would then explain as to why Spain had limited colonization in Africa, with two general territories being Morocco and the Western Sahara. Spain controls five territories on, or just off, Morocco’s northern coastline (Trinidad, 2012).
Does Spain have territory in Africa?
It is one of nine populated Spanish territories in Africa and, along with Melilla, one of two populated Spanish territories on mainland Africa. It was part of the province of Cádiz until 14 March 1995. … Ceuta, like Melilla and the Canary Islands, was classified as a free port before Spain joined the European Union.
Did Spain have any colonies in Africa?
The effective Spanish colonization of Africa was finally established in the first third of the 20th century. North Morocco, Ifni, the Tarfaya region, Western Sahara, and the territories of early-21st-century Equatorial Guinea comprised what broadly could be defined as Spanish colonial Africa.
How close is Spain to Africa?
How far is Africa from Spain? The shortest distance between Africa and Spain is 8.9 miles or 14 kilometers and is the straight’s narrowest point. To be even more precise, it takes a ferry about 35 minutes to cross from Europe to Africa at the narrowest part of the Strait of Gibraltar.
Is Morocco in Spain or Africa?
Morocco is a Northern African country, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and the annexed Western Sahara. It is one of only three nations (along with Spain and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines.
Can you swim from Africa to Spain?
The distance from the tip of Spain (Tarifa) to the nearest bit of Africa is quoted as 14.4km, but basically you aim south and the tide and current takes you east into the Med, so you don’t swim 14.4km. … You are free to measure the distance you’ve swum and blog about it, but you certainly didn’t swim it!
Is there a Spanish town in northern Africa?
Melilla, an exclave, is one of two permanently inhabited Spanish cities in mainland Africa, the other being Ceuta. It was part of the Province of Málaga until 14 March 1995, when the Statute of Autonomy of Melilla was passed.
Did Africa ever invade Spain?
1. The Spanish occupation by the Moors began in 711 AD when an African army, under their leader Tariq ibn-Ziyad, crossed the Strait of Gibraltar from northern Africa and invaded the Iberian peninsula ‘Andalus’ (Spain under the Visigoths).
What did Spain take from Africa?
Following the Ifni War (1957–58), Spain ceded the southern protectorate to Morocco and created separate provinces for Ifni and the Sahara in 1958. Spanish West Africa was formed by a decree of 20 July 1946. The new governor sat at Ifni.
Does Spain own part of North Africa?
Ceuta is an autonomous city administered by Spain. Ceuta, Melilla (also an exclave), and other tiny islets along the coast of North Africa constitute the territories of Spanish North Africa. The city is on a narrow isthmus that connects Mount Hacho (also held by Spain) to the mainland.
How did Spain get Melilla?
Melilla was retained by Spain as an exclave when Morocco attained independence in 1956. In 1995 the Spanish government approved statutes of autonomy for Melilla, replacing the city council with an assembly similar to those of Spain’s other autonomous communities.
Which African country is near Spain?
Africa’s gateway to Europe
If you zoom really far in on a map of Morocco, you’ll notice a little wedge of land that doesn’t belong to Morocco at all. It belongs to Spain. It’s a small city called Melilla. And it’s one of two Spanish enclaves in Morocco, marking Europe’s only land border with Africa.
What African countries speak Spanish?
Equatorial Guinea or the Republic of Equatorial Guinea is named for its location – near the Gulf of Guinea and the Equator. It is the only African country with Spanish as its official language.