The geography of Africa helped to shape the history and development of the culture and civilizations of Ancient Africa. The geography impacted where people could live, important trade resources such as gold and salt, and trade routes that helped different civilizations to interact and develop.
How did Africa’s geography affect movement in Africa?
What geographic features limited movement in Africa and what made them obstacles? The terrain of the rain forest and desert made these areas hard to cross, while the high plateau in the interior and the river cataracts made movement between regions difficult.
What role did geography play in the colonization of Africa?
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What role did geography play in the early African kingdoms? Mineral deposits brought wealth and power. These natural resources were important to the Kingdom of Mali. … Gaining their independence and establishing multiparty political systems solved Africa’s economic and government problems.
What is the geography of Africa?
Africas physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
How did geography influence West Africa?
Geography and Trade Geography was a major factor in the development of West African societies. Settled communities grew south of the Sahara, where the land permitted farming. Geography also influenced trading patterns. … Rivers, such as the Niger, served as trade routes.
Why is Africa called the mother continent?
Africa is sometimes nicknamed the “Mother Continent” due to its being the oldest inhabited continent on Earth. Humans and human ancestors have lived in Africa for more than 5 million years.
Why is Africa called the Dark Continent?
Africa was known as the “Dark Continent” because it remained unexplored for a fairly long period of time. Factors that made is difficult for the explorer to venture in to the continent of africa were: The largest desert in the world, the Sahara Desert acted as a natural barrier for the European explorers.
What are 3 reasons for colonization?
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.
What were the negative effects of colonialism in Africa?
Some of the negative impacts that are associated with colonization include; degradation of natural resources, capitalist, urbanization, introduction of foreign diseases to livestock and humans. Change of the social systems of living. Nevertheless, colonialism too impacted positively on the economies and social systems.
What were the positive effects of colonialism in Africa?
European colonialism in africa brings a positive impact such as : Religious can be used as a spiritual basis for African society, build a school for education of Africans’ children, hospital for a better healt of Africans’ society as well as in economic field, European build a markets.
What is unique about African geography?
Africa is the world’s hottest continent with deserts and drylands covering 60% of land surface area (e.g. Kalahari, Sahara and Namib). Africa is the world’s second driest continent (after Australia). Africa has approximately 30% of the earth’s remaining mineral resources.
What is a richest country in Africa?
TOP 10 RICHEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES IN 2020 RANKED BY GDP & PRIMARY EXPORTS
- 1 | NIGERIA – THE RICHEST COUNTRY IN AFRICA (GDP: $446.543 Billion) …
- 2 | SOUTH AFRICA (GDP: $358.839 Billion) …
- 3 | EGYPT (GDP: $302.256 Billion) …
- 4 | ALGERIA (GDP: $172.781 Billion) …
- 5 | MOROCCO (GDP: $119,04 Billion) …
- 6 | KENYA (GDP: $99,246 Billion)
What are 3 interesting facts about Africa?
- AFRICA IS THE SECOND LARGEST CONTINENT ON EARTH. …
- BETWEEN 1500-2000 LANGUAGES ARE SPOKEN IN AFRICA. …
- AFRICA IS THE SOURCE OF THE WORLD’S LONGEST RIVER. …
- AFRICA IS HOME TO THE WORLD’S OLDEST UNIVERSITY. …
- THE RICHEST MAN EVER IS AFRICAN. …
- THE WORLD’S LARGEST HOTTEST DESERT IS IN AFRICA.
Did Africa have civilizations?
Africa has seen the rise and fall of many great civilizations and empires throughout its history. … However, the Egyptians weren’t the only civilization to develop in Ancient Africa. Important civilizations developed throughout the continent such as Carthage, the Mali Empire, and the Kingdom of Ghana.
How did trade influence West Africa?
Over time, the slave trade became even more important to the West African economy. Kings traded slaves for valuable good, such as horses from the Middle East and textiles and weapons from Europe. The transSaharan slave trade contributed to the power of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai.
Why was Timbuktu so important?
Timbuktu was the starting point for trans-Saharan camel caravans which transported goods northwards. Timbuktu was one of the most important cities in the Mali Empire because of its location near the Niger River bend and so it was fed by the trade along both the east and west branches of this great water highway.