In many parts of Africa, charcoal is produced through the kiln or earth mound method. This involves arranging logs of harvested wood and covering the pile with grass and earth before the wood is set on fire. This covering helps to ensure that air is kept out while the wood burns.
Is there charcoal in Africa?
Charcoal is an essential source of domestic fuel in many sub-Saharan African countries. Overall, the region produces 65% of the world’s charcoal, with Nigeria, Ethiopia and Ghana being the top three producers. The charcoal sector employs about 40 million people in the region.
Why is charcoal making an important industry in West Africa?
In Africa, charcoal is the main source of energy for cooking and heating in urban households. Charcoal supply produces great wealth and engages remarkable number of people.
What is the primary use for charcoal in sub-Saharan Africa?
As a locally available and relatively clean fuel compared to burning wood or agricultural residues, charcoal provides basic energy services for cooking and heating to millions of people with limited options of alternatives, particularly those who live in the urban and peri-urban areas in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).
Is charcoal production environmentally friendly?
Firstly, contrary to what many people think burning wood and charcoal can be environmentally beneficial. … Many small woodlands are under-managed, so cutting firewood and producing charcoal from them can help rekindle traditional woodland management to the benefit of both the trees, the wildlife and the owners.
Is charcoal used for energy?
Although the use of charcoal can be detrimental to the environment, and people’s health, charcoal is generally a better fuel for cooking than wood. … Charcoal is the principle energy source in many poor areas.
What countries are sub-Saharan Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, …
What is charcoal used for in developing countries?
Though use of fuelwood is generally much lower in towns than in the country, urban use of wood fuels can in aggregate be high, because of the often substantial use of charcoal. Urban use can lead to very large concentrates demands.
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What is sustainable charcoal production?
The main parts of sustainable charcoal production are managed production including additional cost in terms of labor, time, and money, feedstock costs, management plans, or improved kilns and stoves. Sustainable production and marketing of charcoal is useful from the aspect of reducing the environmental pollution.
Why is charcoal bad for the environment?
Unfortunately, grilling with charcoal comes with a hefty environmental cost: heavy greenhouse gas emissions. Charcoal nuggets, or briquettes, are essentially tightly packed bundles of carbon. When they’re burned, they spew pounds of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
How does charcoal affect the environment?
The environmental impacts of charcoal production in tropical ecosystems of the world: a synthesis. … Emissions of greenhouse gases from charcoal production in tropical ecosystems in 2009 are estimated at 71.2 million t for carbon dioxide and 1.3 million t for methane.
What is charcoal made of?
Charcoal is an odorless, tasteless, fine black powder, or black porous solid consisting of carbon, and any remaining ash, obtained by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances.